Hate crime or terrorism? Lone wolf or extremist? These words are often used to describe ideologically motivated violence in the United States. Their use by officers of the law and members of the media has impact on real cases. In this course you will examine the impact of media representation of Muslims. You will examine case studies in which perpetrators of similar crimes receive dramatically different legal and media responses. This empirical-based course compares media coverage, law enforcement tactics, charges, and eventual sentencing when the perpetrator of an act of ideologically motivated violence is perceived to be Muslim and acting in the name of Islam vs. not perceived to be Muslim and motivated by another ideology, such as white supremacy.